New reports on ruru nesting and Island conservation

Date posted: 02-Oct-2017

Two new reports have been added to the website. The first gives details of a summer students..

2018 calendars now available

Date posted: 27-Sep-2017

Our latest calendar, beautifully illustrated with images taken on the Island, is now available fo..

Guided walks for photographers

Date posted: 21-Jun-2017

For a wonderful day of wildlife photography please join us on Tiritiri Matangi Island for a Ph..

Ferry discounts for Supporters

Date posted: 18-May-2017

Tiritiri Matangi Island, the perfect winter's day trip. The birds are at their best, warm up w..

More kiwi for the Island

Date posted: 04-Apr-2017

In 1993 and 1995, sixteen little spotted kiwi were released on Tiritiri Matangi Island. The ma..

2017 Photo Competition

Date posted: 22-Mar-2017

It is that time of year again when we are looking for entries for our photo competition (and phot..

The 2017 concert

Date posted: 05-Feb-2017

This year's concert promises to be another wonderful and unique experience. Click here (/concert-..

Shorebird Film Festival at Devonport

Date posted: 26-Oct-2016

Click here (/miscellaneous documents/DevWaderFilms.jpg) for details of a forthcoming film festival c..

Extra Dawn Chorus Trip

Date posted: 20-Oct-2016

Stop Press: Extra Dawn Chorus trip now scheduled for Thursday 27th October 2016. ..

2016 AGM

Date posted: 06-Sep-2016

The 2016 AGM was held at the Kohia Centre at 7:30 pm on Monday 19th September. Click here (/..

Song Thrush

Scientific name:

 Turdus philomelos

 

 

Conservation status:

 Introduced and naturalised

Mainland status:

 Common and widespread

Size:

 23cm, 70g 

Lifespan:

 10.5 years possibly

Breeding:

 August - February

Diet:

 Mixture of invertebrates and fruit

Thrush - photographer Dr Kerry RodgersIntroduced from Europe between 1862 and 1878, and now found throughout the mainland and offshore islands of New Zealand in gardens, orchards, parks, exotic plantations, scrub, hedgerows and regenerating native forest.

The upper parts are warm brown, the underparts buff-white with breast boldly spotted dark brown. The bill is yellowish brown with yellow gape, and the legs are pinkish brown. The male song is a loud string of repeated clear-cut musical phrases, each separated by a brief pause: ‘chitty-choo, chitty-choo, co-eee, co-eee….’  The alarm note is a rapidly repeated ‘chuk’ or ‘chip’ and the flight call is a thin high-pitched ‘seep’.

The song thrush feeds mostly on the ground, hopping and running then remaining motionless. They eat invertebrates such a snails (hammered open on a regularly used ‘anvil’), insects, worms, amphipods, millipedes and spiders and a variety of fruits from native and introduced shrubs and weeds. They cause damage to commercial crops such as berryfruits, grapes, pipfruit , stonefruit and tomatoes.

Song thrush, juvenile - photographer: Max McRaeBreeding takes place from August to February and 2–3 broods a year are raised. A substantial nest of twigs, grass, roots and moss, bound together with mud and smoothly lined with mud is built by the female in the fork of a shrub or hedge. The clutch of 2–6 clear greenish blue eggs with small black spots is incubated by the female for 12–13 days.  Both parents feed the chicks which fledge at 13–15 days old. The young remain with their parents and are occasionally fed for several more weeks.


Find out more about the song thrush at New Zealand Birds Online.


Photography by:  Dr Kerry Rodgers © (adult, right) and by Max McRae © (juvenile, left)
References: Heather, B.D.; Robertson, H.A. 2000 The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand. Auckland, Viking.
Moon, G The Reed Field Guide to New Zealand Birds.