New reports on ruru nesting and Island conservation

Date posted: 02-Oct-2017

Two new reports have been added to the website. The first gives details of a summer students..

2018 calendars now available

Date posted: 27-Sep-2017

Our latest calendar, beautifully illustrated with images taken on the Island, is now available fo..

Guided walks for photographers

Date posted: 21-Jun-2017

For a wonderful day of wildlife photography please join us on Tiritiri Matangi Island for a Ph..

Ferry discounts for Supporters

Date posted: 18-May-2017

Tiritiri Matangi Island, the perfect winter's day trip. The birds are at their best, warm up w..

More kiwi for the Island

Date posted: 04-Apr-2017

In 1993 and 1995, sixteen little spotted kiwi were released on Tiritiri Matangi Island. The ma..

2017 Photo Competition

Date posted: 22-Mar-2017

It is that time of year again when we are looking for entries for our photo competition (and phot..

The 2017 concert

Date posted: 05-Feb-2017

This year's concert promises to be another wonderful and unique experience. Click here (/concert-..

Shorebird Film Festival at Devonport

Date posted: 26-Oct-2016

Click here (/miscellaneous documents/DevWaderFilms.jpg) for details of a forthcoming film festival c..

Extra Dawn Chorus Trip

Date posted: 20-Oct-2016

Stop Press: Extra Dawn Chorus trip now scheduled for Thursday 27th October 2016. ..

2016 AGM

Date posted: 06-Sep-2016

The 2016 AGM was held at the Kohia Centre at 7:30 pm on Monday 19th September. Click here (/..

Mapou

Botanical name:  Myrsine australis
Maori name:  Mapou
Common name:  Red Matipo 
Height:  6 metres

Mapou

Myrsine is a large genus of trees and shrubs with an almost worldwide distribution. The plants belong in the primrose family, Primulaceae. New Zealand has 11 endemic species. 


Mapou forms a shrub to small tree about 6m tall. It's red brachlets, reflected in the common name red matipo, and wavy leaves dotted with oil glands, are distinguishing features. Mapou is found throughout New Zealand in forest margins and scrubland. 


The trees are dioecious (separate male and female). Small cream coloured flowers appear, crowded along branchlets, from mid-summer to mid-autumn. Female trees produce small fruits which are a drupe with a single seed. They ripen to a black colour about a year following flowering. The flesh of the fruit contains two important yellow pigmented carotenoids: lutein and zeanthin. These substances provide animals with bright colouration as well as being anti-oxidants. Hihi relish ripe mapou fruit. It gives good feather colour for male birds and rich,
healthy eggs for females.





Photography by Neil Davies
© (flowers, above right) and Warren Brewer © (ripening fruit, below left).