AGM 2019

Date posted: 09-Sep-2019

Our Annual General Meeting was held at 7:30 pm on Monday 23rd September at the F..

More plaudits for Tiritiri Matangi

Date posted: 15-Jul-2019

Recognition of the wonderful experience visitors have when visiting the Island h..

Results of the 2019 Photo Competition

Date posted: 15-Jul-2019

The results of this year's competition have now been decided. Click here (/2019-photo-co..

Lighthouse Open Day

Date posted: 30-Apr-2019

Our historic lighthouse, signal station and diaphonic foghorn will all be on dis..

We need a new Treasurer

Date posted: 08-Apr-2019

The Supporters need a new treasurer to take over in September when Kevin Vaughan..

2019 Concert

Date posted: 05-Feb-2019

OrigiNZ, the tartan taonga are returning for the 2019 concert. Click..

Tiri's three unique foghorns

Date posted: 01-Feb-2019

Our next social event will take place on Monday 18th March when Carl Hayson and ..

Young Conservation Superstars win awards!

Date posted: 27-Jan-2019

Gabriel Barbosa and teacher Kate Asher, a team leader who co..

Entries for the 2019 photo competition

Date posted: 19-Jan-2019

We are now taking entries for the 2019 photographic competition. You can enter u..

Hihi volunteer needed

Date posted: 18-Oct-2018

Would you like to volunteer with the Island's hihi team and learn from them how ..

Fantail

Scientific name:

 Rhipidura fuliginosa placabilis

Maori Name:

 Piwakawaka

 

 

Conservation status

 Endemic, Not threatened

Mainland status:

 Widespread and locally abundant 

Size:

 16cm, 8g

Lifespan:

 Oldest recorded in NZ 3 years

Breeding:

 August - February

Diet:

 Mainly invertebrates, some fruit

Fantail - photographer: Max McRaeThe fantail is a small native bird with a small head and bill and a long tail which opens to a fan, giving the bird its name. It has a grey head, white eyebrow and white and black band under the chin on the upper chest. The back is brown and the underparts are a peachy gold. The tail is black and white. The juvenile looks very similar but lacks the upper chest markings and has a browner body and rusty-brown wing coverts. There is a dark phase which is found mainly in the South Island, which is sooty black except for a white spot behind the eye.

Fantails feed mainly on invertebrates taken whilst flying. Using their fanned tail they are very manoeuverable which helps them quickly change direction whilst catching flies. They are known to move around upside down amongst tree ferns and foliage to pick insects from the undersides of leaves. Their main prey are moths, flies, spiders, wasps, and beetles. 

Although the fantail lifespan is relatively short in New Zealand (oldest recorded 3 yrs but in Australia they have been recorded up to 10 yrs) the breed survives due to the prolific and early breeding. Juvenile males can start breeding between two and nine months old and as many as five clutches can be laid in one season, with between two and five eggs per clutch. The fantails stay in pairs all year but high mortality means they are seldom together for more than a season. Both adults incubate for about 14 days and the chicks fledge at about 13 days. Both adults feed the young, but as soon as the female starts building the next nest the male takes over the role of feeding the previous brood.

The main fantail contact call is a penetrating cheet cheet, sounding a bit like a squeaky toy.

Although fantails are often encountered in the forest, they are perhaps most frequently seen in areas of short grass, where they follow people and other large animals around to catch insects disturbed by their feet. On Tiritiri Matangi they are most often found along the East Coast Track, and at certain times of year, when the season's juveniles are out and about, there can be as many as 20 or more on the lawn below the Visitor Centre.

Learn more about the fantail at New Zealand Birds Online.

Photography by: Max McRae ©

References: Heather, B.D.; Robertson, H.A. 2000 The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand. Auckland, Viking.